Disclosure: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. This page may contain affiliate links, which means I may receive a commission if you click a link and purchase something that I have recommended. There is no additional cost to you whatsoever.
According to the non-profit organisation behind the worldwide marketing campaign World Localization Day which promotes a systemic shift away from dependence on world oligopolies and monopolies in direction of decentralised, regional economies, the worldwide meals system is inefficient, unfair, unsustainable and unhealthy.
“From local weather change to species extinction, from air pollution to plastics, the worldwide meals system is the one largest contributor to the destruction of our planet,” mentioned Helena Norberg-Hodge, director of Local Futures and World Localization Day.
Returning to native meals programs, the organisation asserts, is likely one of the most essential issues we are able to do for the wellbeing of individuals and planet. It strengthens native communities, is safer and productive, revitalises cultural and organic range and is extra sustainable.
As World Localization Day is quick approaching, we’ve curated a listing of native Australian meals, typically known as bush tucker, to encourage a love of native meals, make it easier to join with nation, honour the information of Australia’s First Nations peoples, and encourage resilience in Australia’s native meals system.
1. Bunya nut
The bunya nut comes from the tall towering bunya pines, a coniferous tree species native to south-eastern Queensland. Ancient Bunya pines will be present in Bunya Mountains National Park. It can also be present in northern Queensland. The lengthy, heavy, brown-green bunya pine cones comprise many seeds, that are roughly 4 centimetres lengthy. Indigenous Australians revered Bunya pines, consuming the nuts uncooked, roasted or boiled.
2. Davidson’s plum
A small, slender rainforest tree with a sweeping cover native to New South Wales and Queensland, its purplish fruits have purple, juicy flesh which are bitter and tangy. Davidson’s plum fruits will be eaten as is and makes a tasty ingredient in jams and sauces.
3. Finger lime
Finger lime timber are endemic to northern New South Wales and south-east Queensland and have slender and rounded citrus fruits that comprise tiny ‘caviar pearls’ which are tangy and acidic. These native limes can be utilized for salads, drinks and cocktails and even marmalades.
4. Kakadu plum
Kakadu plum or “billygoat” plum is a singular edible fruit endemic to Northern Australia, present in Kakadu National Park and throughout the Kimberley and Cape York areas. The tree additionally oozes a gum eaten by Indigenous Australians. The Kakadu plum additionally has one of many highest vitamin C ranges of any citrus fruit, 50 times the vitamin C content of oranges, which has propelled it into the ‘superfood’ class of meals.
5. Lemon myrtle
A rainforest tree native to sub-tropical Queensland, lemon myrtle leaves have a refreshing, citrus-lemon aroma which makes it a helpful important oil and can be utilized as a herb in cooking, or in teas and cocktails and even desserts.
6. Lilly pilly
There are roughly 60 totally different kinds of lilly pilly in Australia and practically all have edible berries in shades of white, purple, blue, black and purple. The tree species can develop as much as 20 metres however in city landscapes are grown as shrubs and hedges. The fruits have a tart style and can be utilized in salads, desserts, jams and preserves.
Macadamia nuts is a small rainforest tree endemic to southern Queensland and is just native to Australia. Its outer shell is hard to crack however when you get to the graceful nut, it may be eaten uncooked, utilized in varied dishes and desserts, and might reworked into nut milk.
Also often called mountain pepper, pepperberries have fruits which are candy however the purplish-black seeds are scorching and peppery, having a flavour much like that of standard peppercorn. These vegetation develop within the cooler climates of Tasmania, Victoria and southern New South Wales.
A tall majestic rainforest tree present in arid zones of southern Australia, from Tasmania proper via to Queensland, the blue fruits of the quandong, or native peach, is excessive in vitamin C whereas the kernel seeds can be utilized to make jewelry.
10. Red bush apple
Also often called girl apple, Australia’s purple bush apple is an under-storey tree or shrub present in open forests and woodlands of northern Australia. Its purple or darkish pink ribbed fruits are aromatic, have a spongy texture and a singular tangy flavour which will be eaten as is or thrown into salads or blended in drinks.
Found in northern Australia, the native rosella plant has fairly white or yellow flowers that seem like hibiscus flowers and its purple buds have a candy and tart flavour which are sometimes used to make jams whereas the edible leaves and flower petals can be utilized in salads.
12. Ruby saltbush
The ruby saltbush is likely one of the commonest shrubs present in outback Australia and throughout rural properties. It is understood by quite a lot of totally different names comparable to creeping saltbush and Sturt’s saltbush. It options greyish-green leaves and grows as much as 1.5 metres tall although some varieties develop to 30 centimetres solely. The orange or purple fruits are edible uncooked or dried, and the leaves will be eaten as is or boiled. The leaves are saltier than the fruit which is sweeter in flavour.
Samphire is a genus of plant native to Australia that’s typically known as hen claws as a result of that’s what this succulent seems like, with its jointed leafless stems. It is often known as sea asparagus as this wild vegetable will be discovered in lots of coastal areas of Australia, from Tasmania, New South Wales via to north-Western Australia. Eaten as a pickle it may also be blanched and utilized in salads so as to add saltiness.
14. Sea purslane
This bush tucker plant has pink flowers and lengthy stems and grows alongside Australia’s coasts and mudflats. A quick-growing floor cowl, this vegetable is much like samphire in that it may be eaten uncooked and is somewhat salty.
15. Warrigal greens
Also often called New Zealand spinach as it’s discovered alongside the coasts of the island nation, Warrigal greens are a short-lived perennial shrub present in Australia’s arid plains and sheltered seashores. It is likely one of the few native Australian greens cultivated for its contemporary leaves that are will be served in salads and eaten uncooked or cooked. Can be used as a substitute for standard spinach.
Need some recipe inspiration and tips about find out how to use Australian native meals in your cooking? We advocate the guide ‘Warndu Mai (Good Food): Introducing native Australian ingredients to your kitchen‘ by Damien Coulthard and Rebecca Sullivan which provides over 80 recipes full with illustrations that can make it easier to incorporate these meals in your on a regular basis meals.
Cover photograph by Sabino Parente.