Home Battery Recycling Guide

Home Battery Recycling Guide

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Americans buy billions of batteries yearly to energy toys, cell telephones, clocks, watches, laptops, moveable energy instruments, rechargeable vacuums, radios, smoke detectors, distant controls, and a lot extra. When they now not maintain their cost, it’s at all times a good suggestion to recycle them – and in some instances, it’s the law. This information opinions widespread battery varieties you utilize at house and easy methods to recycle them.

Battery recycling is on the rise. According to Call2Recycle — which runs the United States’ largest battery recycling program — battery recycling was up 11% in 2020 with 8.4 million kilos of client batteries recycled, regardless of the COVID-19 pandemic.

It’s vital to recycle batteries to reclaim helpful supplies. Depending on the battery sort, it could include mercury, lead, cadmium, nickel, silver, cobalt, lithium, or graphite. Many of those supplies may be dangerous if they aren’t disposed of correctly, so recycling batteries serves the twin goal of preserving finite sources and defending the atmosphere.

Unless your native recycling service tells you in any other case, don’t put your batteries in your curbside recycling — they will create a hazard. You must take them to a separate location for recycling. You can use Earth911’s recycling search tool or Call2Recycle’s recycling search locator to discover a battery recycling location close to you.

Single-use Batteries

Alkaline single-use batteries

Standard single-use batteries embrace AA, AAA, D, 9-volt, 6-volt, and so forth. They energy the family electronics you utilize every single day, such because the TV distant management, toys, flashlights, and a lot extra.

Pros: Single-use batteries are produced on a larger scale than rechargeable batteries, making them initially cheaper to buy. They are additionally prevalent and broadly accessible.

Cons: Single-use batteries are typically thought-about extra wasteful as a result of we use them up after which throw them away when the facility is depleted. And as a result of they’re not rechargeable, we have to have further batteries round always in case the battery powering an important gadget dies.

How to recycle: Your native stable waste division might let you know to place alkaline batteries in together with your common trash. This is partly as a result of Mercury-Containing and Rechargeable Battery Management Act handed in 1996, which phased out the usage of mercury in alkaline batteries, making them much less of a hazard when disposed of in landfills. According to Call2Recycle, “there may be presently no nationwide stewardship answer to permit at no cost recycling of single-use batteries, besides in Vermont.” But this doesn’t imply alkaline batteries will not be recyclable.

Plenty of nationwide chains gather these batteries for recycling, together with Batteries Plus and Home Depot, and your native ironmongery shop might settle for them for a price. Always name first to verify your native retailer accepts these battery varieties. If you’re unable to discover a native recycling possibility by means of the Earth911 recycling database, contemplate mail-in recycling packages akin to these supplied by TerraCycle (smaller containers additionally available) or The Big Green Box.

Button cell batteries

Button cell batteries
Button cell batteries. Photo courtesy of James Bowe by means of Creative Commons

The flat, spherical batteries that energy small gadgets like watches, automobile keyless entry remotes, listening to aids, and health trackers are known as button cell batteries or button batteries. Previously, these batteries have been generally made with silver, cadmium, or mercury. Today, most button batteries include lithium. It’s vital to recycle these batteries as a result of these metals are a restricted worthwhile useful resource and may be hazardous if not dealt with correctly.

Pros: Button cells are more and more focused for recycling due to the worth of recoverable supplies, their small measurement, and their straightforward dealing with relative to different battery varieties.

Cons: Don’t let the scale idiot you. Even tiny batteries that include mercury, silver, cadmium, or lithium may be hazardous and shouldn’t be crushed or overheated. In addition, these small, shiny discs attraction to youngsters and may be harmful or fatal if swallowed or caught in a toddler’s nostril or ear — maintain them away from babies.

How to recycle: For some gadgets, akin to a high-end watch, knowledgeable will change these batteries, so ask the enterprise if it is going to recycle the battery for you. For different gadgets, like listening to help batteries or automobile distant batteries, the physician’s workplace or automobile dealership might have a recycling program. You may also seek for an area answer by means of Earth911’s recycling search tool. Otherwise, contemplate mail-in recycling packages akin to these supplied by Call2Recycle or The Big Green Box. Finally, these batteries could also be accepted for disposal by means of household hazardous waste (HHW) assortment packages sponsored by your stable waste district or municipality. Find an HHW disposal location close to you — simply enter your ZIP code.

Rechargeable Batteries

Rechargeable family electronics

Rechargeable batteries have gotten extra prevalent in cordless merchandise akin to cordless vacuums, toothbrushes, and power tools.

Pros: Because rechargeable batteries can be utilized time and again, they will save shoppers cash over the life of every battery. Also, as a result of Battery Act of 1996, offering straightforward methods for the general public to recycle these batteries is remitted by regulation.

Cons: Rechargeables are dearer upfront and typically get a foul rap for not providing sufficient “bang” to your buck. They additionally include quite a lot of heavy metals, that means that should you don’t recycle them, contamination to the atmosphere is more likely.

How to recycle: More than half of the states in the U.S. have legal guidelines in impact that require that state battery recycling in impact and/or require producers to assist these efforts. If you reside in an space that’s not coated by such legal guidelines, Call2Recycle is a superb place to start out your recycling search. Through Call2Recycle’s program, retailers akin to Alltel, AT&T, Best Buy, Black & Decker, DeWalt, The Home Depot, Interstate All Battery Centers, Lowe’s, Milwaukee Electrical Tool, Office Depot, Orchard Supply, Porter Cable Service Centers, RadioShack, Remington Product Company, Sears, Staples, Target, US Cellular, and Verizon Wireless all provide some kind of rechargeable battery recycling program.

The nickel from all these batteries may be recycled into flatware, pots and pans, golf golf equipment, or new batteries.

Cellphones, laptops, and different moveable electronics

Cellphone Li-ion battery
Li-ion battery in cellphone. Photo by Tyler Lastovich from Pexels

Lithium-ion or lithium-ion polymer (Li-ion) batteries are generally present in cell telephones and different moveable client electronics.

Pros: Lithium-ion batteries are recyclable, and the steel content material of those batteries may be recovered within the recycling course of. These batteries may be recharged earlier than they’re fully discharged with out affecting the vitality capability. Li-ion batteries are smaller, lighter, and supply extra vitality than older battery varieties used for moveable units.

Cons: Li-ion batteries ought to by no means be despatched to a landfill as a result of they’ve the potential to overheat and explode when uncovered to sizzling temperatures or compressed.

How to recycle: You will greater than possible eliminate a Li-ion battery together with an digital system, akin to while you commerce in your cellphone or improve a laptop computer. In most instances, the corporate that handles your digital system will settle for the battery as effectively. Call2Recycle’s program additionally covers these batteries, so discovering recycling places shouldn’t be a problem.

Frequently, all these batteries may be refurbished and reused. Lithium-ion batteries may also be damaged down into metal and stainless-steel elements.

Feature picture courtesy of Vincent Brown